新东方网留学雅思首页雅思辅导雅思名师辅导正文

注意细节,你的雅思写作会更高分

2017-11-06 11:30

来源:新东方西安学校

作者:

  点击查看>>>>雅思口语备考技巧

  在雅思写作中,有一个被广大考生所忽视,但是又对于整个分数的提高有实质性影响的部分,就是大作文开头段的写作方式。中文中有句话叫做“万事开头难”,英文中也有“The first impressions count”的说法,因此考生不应该对于这一部分轻敌,从而草草准备,或甚至是根本不去准备,等到考场上才见招拆招。这样一方面开头质量是没有一定的保证,另一方面对于基础较为一般的考生,往往完成开头段也会花费大量的时间,这样主体段的节奏和质量也就会受到影响。

  那我们研究开头段,第一个问题就是开头段是由什么组成的。开头段可以说是对于题目的一个最直接的回应,因此,一个开头段的组成基本是和题目的构成紧密相关的。而雅思大作文的题目构成主要分成两类,一类是和观点有关的题目,比方说“to what extent do you agree or disagree?”或者是“discuss both views and give your own opinion.” 这类题目的构成往往为“背景+题目观点+题目问题”。另一类是和事实有关的题目,比方说“do the advantages outweigh disadvantages?”或者是“what are the reasons and how to solve these issues?” 而这一类的题目中就只有“背景事实+题目问题”。

  所以, 我们的较为标准的开头段通常便是“背景引入+题目观点复述+己方观点表达”或是,“背景引入+己方问题回应”。

  因此我们在本篇先说一说开头段中的背景引入的方式。这个部分我认为应该是整个开头段从语言角度讲最重要的部分,最需要同学们的注意。

  一方面因为,学生往往会用较为随便或千篇一律的描述一笔带过,比方是“Nowadays, with the development of...”这样的老套话术,会给考官模板的感觉,也让考官对文章一开始就失去兴趣。另一个需要重视这一部分的重要原因是,这部分灵活度很强,也就是能更好的展现自己的英语实力。

  所以,比起简单的同意替换,我们可以把背景引入分为五大类:

  1 摆事实

  也就是通过对题目主题的理解,写一句对事实的描述,从而引出题目的话题或是问题。

  例:1. Women and men are commonly seen as having different strengths and weakness. Is it right to exclude males or females from certain professions because of their gender?(Collins Unit1)

  There have always been differences in the types of work men and women have done...

  2. Convenience foods will become increasingly prevalent and eventually replace traditional foods and traditional methods of food preparation. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?(Collins Unit2)

  The increasing availability of convenience foods has been a significant feature of modern life in many developed countries...

  3. In many countries schools have severe problems with student behaviour. What do you think are the causes of this? What solutions can you suggest? (C4T4)

  Poor student behaviour seems to be an increasingly widespread problem and I think that modern lifestyles are probably responsible for this.

  4. In some countries young people are encouraged to work or travel for a year between finishing high school and starting university studies. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages for young people who decide to do this. (C5T2)

  It is quite common these days for young people in many countries to have a break from studying after graduating from high school.

  2 给原因

  也就是根据题目中的观点或是题目中的事实去向前推出一层原因,从而让开头更有逻辑。

  例:1. As language such as English, Spanish and mandarin become more widely spoken, there is a fear that many minority languages may die out. Some countries have taken steps to protect minority languages. What is your view of this practice? (Collins Unit5)

  As the world becomes more integrated, the need for common means of communication is becoming more pressing.

  2. Successful sports professionals can earn a great deal more money than people in other important professions. Some people think this is fully justified while others think it is unfair. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion. (C6T2)

  As a result of constant media attention, sports professionals in my country have become stars and celebrities, and those at the top are paid huge salaries.

  3 给结果

  通过对于结果的描述,向上推出题目论证的内容。这个方法思路较绕,但是用恰当也算是另辟蹊径。

  例:1. In the past, people spent their entire lives doing one job. But nowadays they change their job frequently. Please give your reasons and suggestions.

  Though the experience of moving from one job to another can sometimes be distressing or even traumatic, thousands of employees move from one job to another in rapid succession every year.

  2. Some people think that machine translation is highly developed in today`s society. Therefore it is not necessary for children to learn a foreign language. What`s your opinion.

  It will be good news for school children when they are told that foreign language is no longer a required subject because translation can all be down by machines. ……

  4 时间对比

  这样的开头做法通常是将古今进行对比,从而引出题目的争论,或是主题。

  例:1. Longer life spans and improvements in the health of older people suggest that people over the age of sixty-five can continue to live full and active lives. In what ways can social benefit from the contribution that older people can make?(Collins Unit9)

  People today can expect to live a longer and healthier life than people in the past. …….

  2. Many people believe that media coverage of celebrities is having a negative effect on children. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?(Collins Unit10)

  In the past, news about famous people may have been confined to gossip columns in newspapers; these days it is not uncommon for celebrities to feature as front page news.

  3. Some experts believe that it is better for children to begin learning a foreign language at primary school rather than secondary school. Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages? (C9T1)

  Traditionally, children have begun studying foreign languages at secondary school, but introducing them earlier is recommended by some educationalists.

  5 地点对比

  例:Some people think that it is better to educate boys and girls in separate schools. Others, however, believe that boys and girls benefit more from attending mixed schools. Discuss both these views and give your opinion. (C8GB)

  Some countries have single-sex education models, while in others both single sex and mixed schools co-exist and it is up to the parents or the children to decide which model is preferable.

  开头段的背景写作方式其实有很多很多种,只要是语言严谨准确,并且思路符合逻辑,都可以说是精品,就算是不写,只要是主体段精彩也没有任何问题。但是,这种背景的写作本身就是供考生展示自我英语水平的一个很好的平台。

  本篇所讲的开头方式一方面是帮助学生能够很好的完成这一任务,另一方面是让学生可以快速掌握快速应用,从而节省出发更多的时间去酝酿,雕琢主体段的写作,因为那些部分占分更高,更好的时间配置,才更可能获得更高的分数。

版权声明:本文系新东方网独家稿件,版权为新东方网所有。转载请注明来源和作者,否则必将追究法律责任。

  编辑推荐:

  雅思口语变题期技巧

  新东方雅思写作语料库

  雅思口语高频语料库

  雅思考试内容分项详解

  雅思作文七分并非遥不可及

  更多内容请关注新东方网雅思频道,也可扫码关注我们的微信公共账号或加QQ群168861834。

新东方雅思公众号 

(编辑:秦洁)

新东方网雅思官方微信:新东方雅思 (微信号:ieltsxdf

最新考试资讯、雅思预测、雅思解析,请扫一扫二维码,关注我们的官方微信! 

雅思头条

  • 雅思备考
  • 雅思辅导
  • 雅思预测
  • 留学资讯

          新东方雅思辅导专区

          班级名称 上课地点 上课时间 费用 详细

          焦点推荐

          版权及免责声明

          凡本网注明"稿件来源:新东方"的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属新东方教育科技集团(含本网和新东方网) 所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他任何方式复制、发表。已经本网协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明"稿件来源:新东方",违者本网将依法追究法律责任。

          本网未注明"稿件来源:新东方"的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本网转载仅基于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同转载稿的观点或证实其内容的真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人从本网下载使用,必须保留本网注明的"稿件来源",并自负版权等法律责任。如擅自篡改为"稿件来源:新东方",本网将依法追究法律责任。

          如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与新东方网联系,电话:010-60908555。