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雅思写作:天才是依靠后天培养的吗

2017-05-15 11:32

来源:新东方宁波学校

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  今天我们来分析剑桥雅思中的一道大作文题:天才是可以后天培养的吗?说到天才,很多同学会想到爱迪生的著名公式“天才是1%的灵感加99%的汗水”。然而据说这句名言其实还有后半句——“那1%的灵感是最重要的,甚至比那99%的汗水都重要!”那么我们究竟能不能通过自己的勤奋和努力达到朗朗的钢琴造诣,抑或超越飞人博尔特呢?接下来让我们看看下面这篇文章如何就这一问题展开论述。

雅思写作:天才是依靠后天培养的吗

  该文章脉络清晰,论述全面辩证。首先,作者阐述一方观点:所有的孩子可以通过教育学到技能,并以教育理念和校园经历加以论证。其次,论述另一方观点的合理性:是否具有天赋将普通人和天才区分开来,换而言之,天赋是没有办法教会的。最后,作者提出自己的观点:两者不可或缺——后天训练帮助孩子学到技能,天赋让孩子出类拔萃。

  附上范文全文,请小伙伴们仔细阅读,特别要注意看文章的篇章结构和语言表达。

  The relative importance of natural talent and training is a frequent topic of discussion when people try to explain different levels of ability in, for example, sport, art or music.

  Obviously, education systems are based on the belief that all children can effectively be taught to acquire different skills, including those associated withsport, art or music. So from our own school experience, we can find plenty of evidence to support the view that a child can acquire these skills with continued teaching and guided practice.

  However, some people believe that innate talent is what differentiates a person who has been trained to play a sport or an instrument, from those who become good players. In other words, there is more to the skill than a learned technique, and this extra talent cannot be taught, no matter how good the teacher or how frequently a child practices.

  I personally think that some people do have talents that are probablyinherited via their genes. Such talents can give individuals a facility for certain skills that allow them to excel, while more hard-working students never manage to reach a comparable level. But, as with all questions of nature versus nurture, they are not mutually exclusive. Good musicians or artists andexceptional sports stars have probably succeeded because of both good training and natural talent. Without the natural talent, continuous training would be neither attractive nor productive, and without the training, the child would not learn how to exploit and develop their talent.

  In conclusion, I agree that any child can be taught particular skills, but to be really good in areas such as music, art or sport, then some natural talent is required.

  (281 words)

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