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突破5.5分必备雅思写作知识点

2016-07-26 15:05

来源:新东方网整理

作者:

  点击查看>>>>雅思写作技巧全解析

  很多同学都写作都停在了5.5分上,无法进步...其实,这一分数段同学最应掌握的是语法基础,将英文语法复习扎实弄透,雅思写作的问题自然迎刃而解,分数自然会提升。下面新东方网雅思频道就为同学们介绍雅思写作需掌握的那些语法知识点。

  * 小作文:

  1. 一般现在时:

  一般现在时指的是事情的常态,每篇作文都可以用它来进行总述:

  E.g:

  小作文首段经典句型:The line chart/pie chart/flow chart clearly shows/indicates/suggests that...

  2. 一般过去时:

  一般过去时指的是过去常常做某事或者对过去的一个动作进行单纯的叙述,只要是小作文中出现过去发生的事情,一定要注意小作文的时态是过去时:

  E.g:

  In conclusion, consumers in Turkey preferred to pour most of their money into both Food/Drinks/Tobacco and Leisure/Education, while the Italians were likely to invest more money in Clothing and Footwear.

  3. 比较级和最高级:

  形容词的比较级和最高级出现在小作文中的几率较高,特别是如果小作文中有好几个数据进行比较的时候,你需要把这种比较说清楚:

  E.g:

  A:This figure was approximately 2.5% higher than that spent in Turkey, Spain and Ireland, and 3.6% higher than thatspent in Sweden.

  B:It can be seen from the table that consumers spending on Food/Drinks/Tobacco accounted for the largest percentagein all five countries listed in the chart.

  4.定语从句:

  定语从句可以说是四项考试中的必备良药,但是很多同学不知道定语从句到底怎么用,其实非常简单,就把定语当成被放大的的形容词即可,定语从句由此又称之为:形容词性的从句:

  E.g:

  The graph which describes the trend of the percentage of people who are more than 65 years old in 3 developed countries tells us that the phenomenon of the aging of population has been becoming increasingly severe during the period of a century.

  5. 被动语态:

  被动语态是说明文的语体,一篇好的小作文应该是主被动交替使用的,其中主动语态为主,被动语态为辅:

  E.g:

  As can be seen from the graph, the two curves show the flutuation of .......

  * 大作文:

  需要备好各种从句:其中5.5分以上必备三大经典从句:定语从句、宾语从句、状语从句)

  1. 定语从句:

  多用who(指人)、which(指物)、that(即可指人也可以指物),还有一个经典的容易被忽视的定语从句在大作文中可以表达事件发生的原因:即由why引导的固定句型...the reason(s) why...

  E.g:

  There may be some reasons why entertainment stars earn high salaries but overall I agree that they are overpaid.

  2. 宾语从句:

  文章中提出观点的好句型,无论是你自己的观点还是文章中原来给出的观点都可以。建议多用that引导的,不容易出错,如:some people think/agree/suggest/insist that...

  E.g:

  A growing number of parents believe that being overly dependent on social networking websites only makes their children more isolated in the real world.

  3.状语从句:

  状语的种类特别多,所以状语从句是你最能够表现句型多样化的机会。牢记以下几种状从的分类,句子的丰富性自然就出来了:

  A.时间状语从句(引导词:when/as/while/since/the moment...)

  E.g:

  The related sectors should take effective measures the moment the problem appeared.

  B.地点状语从句(引导词:where/wherever)

  E.g:

  Generally,air will be heavily polluted where there are factories.

  C.原因状语从句(引导词:because/since/as/seeing that...)

  E.g:

  As this policy would also affect the cost of public transport, it would be very unpopular with everyone who needs to travel on the roads.

  D.条件状语从句(引导词:if/as long as/providing that/provided that...)

  E.g:

  The government will increase its support for public education, provided that such funds can be put to good use.

  E.让步状语从句(就是转折关系,引导词:though/although/while/no matter who/where/which/how...)

  E.g:

  *While (表示二者对比)some people link happiness to wealth and material success, others think it lies in emotions and loving personal relationships.

  *Even though it is unlikely that all workers do feel happy in their work, I think it is not unrealistic to promote more job satisfaction in any job.

  编辑推荐:

  雅思考试2016备考规划

  新东方雅思写作语料库

  雅思口语高频语料库

  雅思考试内容分项详解

  雅思作文七分并非遥不可及

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