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雅思写作高分大作文范文:博物馆是否应该收费

2020-09-09 18:34

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作者:

  An increasing number of museums tend to charge admission fees from tourists rather than providing service free of charge. Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

  雅思写作思路:

  第一段:背景介绍

  第二段:优点:

  1. 公平:不是每个纳税人都要为博物馆做贡献

  2. 补充运营经费

  3. 不会威胁其他独立的竞争对手

  第三段:缺点

  1. 导致减少参观者,影响文化和知识的传播

  2. 剥夺贫穷孩子的受教育机会

  第四段:结论

  建议措施:学生免费,贫穷家庭补助,免费的虚拟博物馆

  词汇拓展:

  Introduce 推行(政策)

  Proposal 建议=suggestion n.

  maintenance 维护 n.

  expansion 扩大

  grant 批准

  residential building 住宅楼

  Operation 运营

  spending 支出=cost

  security 安保

  collection 收藏品

  financial support 经济支持

  taxpayer 纳税人

  admission 门票

  compensate 补偿

  subsidy 津贴

  substantially 非常=greatly

  venue 地方=place

  access 进入

  vivid 生动的

  presentation 展示

  undermine 消弱=impair

  inspiration 启示

  cultural heritage preservation 文化遗产保护

  transmission 传播

  be deprived of 剥夺

  Accordingly 因此=therefore

  preference treatment 优惠待遇

  promising 有希望的

  option 选择=choice

  well-off 贫穷的=poor

  adverse impacts 负面影响

  雅思写作范文:

  In many countries, museums used to be free for visitors to enter. But recently, admission fee is introduced due to a cut in funding from the government.

  在许多国家,博物馆过去是免费供游客进入的。但最近,由于政府削减了经费,录取费用也开始增加。

  There are reasons for such proposal. Firstly, charging admission keeps a museum run healthily because it provides museums some funding for maintenance and expansion. As we generally know, building a museum with special characters and functions costs substantially more money than an ordinary residential building. Operation spending including security, staff salary and enriching the collections also need constant financial support. If all this cost has to come from taxation, that would be unfair to some taxpayers who do not visit museums at all. Also charging admission can compensate publicly funded museums for cuts in subsidy granted by the government and do not drop their service quality and security. Meanwhile this would not threaten other independent competitors which rely on their income from entry fees.

  这样的建议是有原因的。首先,博物馆的收费让博物馆保持健康,因为它为博物馆提供了一些资金用于维护和扩建。众所周知,建造一个具有特殊人物和功能的博物馆比普通的住宅建筑要贵得多。包括安保、员工工资和丰富收藏品在内的运营支出也需要持续的资金支持。如果所有这些成本都来自于税收,那么对于那些根本不去参观博物馆的纳税人来说,这是不公平的。此外,收取门票的费用可以补偿政府资助的博物馆减少政府补贴的费用,也不会降低其服务质量和安全性。与此同时,这也不会威胁到其他依赖收入来源的独立竞争对手。

  However, some people disagree with charging entry because they are convinced of some adverse impacts on the society. It is true that a museum is a venue about learning and enjoying as well. It is the access to vivid presentation of knowledge and local culture and history, and charging admission would decrease the number of visits, hence undermining the inspiration for knowledge and cultural heritage preservation and transmission. Another concern about charging admission of a museum is that a museum, as an important educational resource, may lose its educational function because some students in a disadvantaged position would be deprived of a museum tour.

  然而,有些人不同意收取费用,因为他们相信对社会有一些不利的影响。的确,博物馆是一个学习和享受的场所。这是对知识和当地文化和历史的生动展示的途径,而收取门票将减少参观人数,从而破坏了知识和文化遗产保护和传播的灵感。对博物馆收费的另一个担忧是,博物馆作为重要的教育资源,可能会失去其教育功能,因为一些处于弱势地位的学生将被剥夺参观博物馆的机会。

  In conclusion, although free access to a museum can promote culture and education, it leads to financial pressure on a museum. Accordingly students should be given a preference treatment and this can be effective with the government’s constant funding for student museum visit. Adults should be charged of admission to a museum. A virtual museum can be another promising option for those less well-off because it is much cheaper to build and run, and therefore can be provided free.

  总之,尽管免费参观博物馆可以促进文化和教育,但它却给博物馆带来了财政压力。因此,学生应该得到优待,这可以在政府持续资助学生博物馆参观的情况下有效。成年人应该被控告进入博物馆。对于那些不太富裕的人来说,虚拟博物馆可能是另一个有前途的选择,因为建造和运营成本更低,因此可以免费提供。

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