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雅思考官亲上阵告诉你写作看重哪几项

2018-03-13 17:46

来源:realskill

作者:

2018年留学备考规划>>点击查看
托福 雅思 GRE GMAT SAT

  很多考生们都觉得考官给作文分数很任性?为何自己抓不住雅思写作的重点?雅思考官亲自出马告诉你,考官在给分的时候最看重哪几项。

  给大家画个重点

  Answer all parts of the question

  这一点很多老师在我们的公开课中都有强调,可惜很多宝宝们还是花费大量的精力在词汇句式的堆砌上。忽略这一点的重要性。Task Response是四项评分标准中最容易提高的一项,考官明确说明,如果你的文章没有回答全部问题,你的TR这一项的分数不会高于5。

  Timing and Blocking

  怎样在20分钟与40分钟中完成一篇结构充实的小大作文?考官教我们做做数学题(歪果仁教中国学生数学……)

  具体算法大家看视频和文稿吧,总之你可以计算一下你要分几段,每一段几句话,每句话大致多少单词,从而完成两篇150字以及250字的文章。

  A topic sentence for each paragraph

  Make sure that each paragraph has a topic sentence!!!这一点相信所有的写作老师都强调过,但是我们在批改作文的时候还是发现很多宝宝忽视了这一点的重要性。这个中心句要直接明了,不要太模糊,让考官读完就是到你这段要讲什么。一个中心句加三个展开论述句,这是考官给的结构建议。

  Use synonymous and paraphrase

  高频词的同义词替换是写作词汇部分提分的重要技巧。不要重复用相同的词,同义词的使用会向考官展现你词汇运用的range。

  这里考官强调注意一下替换词的“性质”。想表达positive的词义就用positive的词去替换,反之用negative。学姐给大家举个例子,表示“影响”的词,effect多用作积极意思,而impair多用作消极层面的影响。替换influence 的时候要选对性质。

  如果你的词汇量没有那么大,那就学会掌握paraphrase的技巧,用一句话去解释你想说的词,顺便还能用个从句或者分词结构增加一下句子多样性。

  最后考官强调,想在写作中拿高分,你一定要知道考官的expectation是什么。即使是一个native speaker, 如果他对雅思考试完全不了解,他也不一定能拿到很好的分数。因此掌握雅思考试的评分标准至关重要。

  完整版transcription在下面

  IELTS writing advice

  One of the main problems is that the students don’t address entire questions, and you can’t get over 5, if you don’t address all the questions for task response.

  On the day, when you get your question, read it thoroughly, examined it, dissect it, what it is asking you to do, and probably ask you to do the minimum 2 things, maximum 4 things, make sure you cover all the elements of the question.

  Timing is essential, you are only given 40 minutes roughly for writing task2, writing task1 is 20 minutes. Plan your work, take the time, take at least 2 to 3 minutes to plan your work before you actually start writing. Also you can do the math. Writing the task1 and you are asked to write 150 words, if you break 150 words down into 4 paragraphs, that’s 35 words per paragraph.

  Generally sum, if there are 10 words per sentence. So if you are writing a 3-sentence-paragraph that’s 30 words, if you need to write 50 words in one paragraph that’s 5 sentences. So you can block it, my first paragraph is going to be 3 or 4 sentences, my last paragraph is going to be 2 to 3 sentences, so you can block it out see it first before you write it.

  Make sure that each paragraph has a topic sentence, it jumps out as the reader when they read your piece of writing, if you have a strong topic sentence, it jumps out, it sends a message that you know what actually it is what you are writing about, and also that helps you focus on that paragraph. One topic sentence, one paragraph, 3 supporting sentences, based on that topic sentences.

  Referring from repeating the same word over and over again, there are many synonyms for the same word, use them

  The use of increase once, use go up and then use rise or decrease, go down, fall, try not to repeat vocabulary.

  The words for business or businesses, ok, then you can talk about companies, cooperations, ask yourself is the word I want to substitute to, it is positive or positive words, if it is the positive words, you replace with the positive words, for the negative words replace with the negative words.

  You don’t necessarily have to have a broad range of vocabulary just to score high on the writing test, as long as you have the ability to paraphrase, so even you don’t know the specific word, you can describe that meaning of that word.

  When you sit down and if you don’t take it seriously on the day, even if you are a native speaker, you probably won’t do as well as you thought you would, so you have to go with the mind said..that this is the exam and I have to meet their criterial of that exam, know what the expectation is and meet that expectation as best as you can, and it is not out of reach for anybody really but have the babble that what the expectation is. Read the question(笑)exactly.

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